5 Common Foot and Ankle Sports Injuries (and How to Treat Them)

Posted by on Jun 12, 2017 in Ankle Conditions, Blog, Foot Care, Sports | Comments Off on 5 Common Foot and Ankle Sports Injuries (and How to Treat Them)

Ankle and Foot Sports InjuriesIt’s all fun and games until someone breaks a leg. This mantra might have been your mother’s way to scare you away from jumping on the bed, but it’s true. Athletes are bound to deal with injuries over time, and many of those injuries target the foot and ankle.

1. Ankle Sprains

The ankle joint is connected by many ligaments, which are prone to sprain due to overuse or being stretched or torn out of place.

Preventative measures: You may be able to avoid sprains by wearing the right supportive footwear and stretching before athletic activity. You should also switch up your workout routine and incorporate low-impact activities.

Treatment: If you suffer a sprain, a rest, ice and elevate regimen will typically resolve it.

2. Stress Fractures

Stress fractures are small cracks in the bone, often the metatarsals. You might also get a stress fracture if your bone experiences severe bruising.

Preventative measures: Increase your level of activity slowly — going from couch potato to 5K can lead to stress fractures. Reducing your running and jumping will also help.

Treatment: Many stress fractures will heal with ice therapy and rest. In some cases, surgery is required.

3. Plantar Fasciitis

About one in 10 people will suffer from this painful disorder at some point. It happens when the band of tissue on the bottom of your foot experiences too much stress.

Preventative measures: Walking barefoot on hard surfaces may increase your risk of plantar fasciitis, as can not having enough arch support. Our doctors can prescribe custom orthotics for your tennis shoes if you start experiencing arch pain.

Treatment: Rest and ice can cure most cases.

4. Turf Toe

Repeated hyperextension of your big toe can lead to this painful problem. Thankfully, it’s not permanent.

Preventative measures: Taping your big toe to prevent hyperextension can help you avoid turf toe. You should also wear stiff-soled shoes and custom orthotics prescribed by our doctors made specifically for turf toe if you will be doing a lot of box jumps or similar activities.

Treatment: Ice and limited activity will help you heal turf toe. If pain continues, an X-ray to check for fracture is a good idea.

5. Achilles Tendinitis

The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body, running along the back of your heel to your knee. Overuse can cause Achilles tendonitis.

Preventative measures: Stretching is key to avoiding this condition. It can also result from natural degeneration over time, which is relatively unavoidable.

Treatment: Ice, massage, rest and NSAIDs are the most common treatments.

Still have questions? Check in with Advanced Podiatry to get help keeping your ankles and feet in tip top shape.


 

Sources:

  • http://www.reboundmd.com/latest-news/common-sports-related-foot-injuries/
  • http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00379
  • https://www.sports-health.com/sports-injuries/ankle-and-foot-injuries/all-about-ankle-sprains-and-strains
  • http://www.consultant360.com/articles/weekend-athlete-common-foot-and-ankle-injuries
  • https://breakingmuscle.com/learn/4-common-foot-injuries-in-the-athlete